Buddha Mind – Christ Mind. A Christian Commentary on the Bodhicaryāvatāra
New book from Prof. Perry Schmidt-Leukel.
Buddha Mind – Christ Mind.
A Christian Commentary on the Bodhicaryāvatāra.
Leuven et al.: Peeters, 2019.
Link to the publisher
The Bodhicaryavatara (“Entering the Course towards Awakening”) is an Indian Mahayana Buddhist companion to the path of a Bodhisattva, someone motivated by the altruistic “spirit of awakening”. Unlike many other Buddhist scriptures, much of this text is written in the very touching form of personal reflections. Despite its late composition (7th-8th cent. CE), the Bodhicaryavatara quickly gained widespread recognition and high appraisal in various parts of the Buddhist world and even beyond. Today it is one of the most widely translated Buddhist texts. The 14th Dalai Lama has emphasized the special impact of this scripture on his own spirituality, and a number of Western scholars have praised it as a true gem among the world’s religious classics. After many commentaries by Buddhist scholars throughout the centuries, this is the first commentary from a Christian perspective, exploring the deep resonances between the “spirit of awakening” and the “spirit of Christ”.
edited by Elizabeth Harris and John O’Grady
In the last fifty years, Buddhists and Christians have come together in inter-monastic exchange, joint meditation retreats, dialogues concerning the relationship between meditation and social action, cross-tradition pupil/teacher relationships and joint academic explorations into the parallels between Buddhist and Christian spiritual practice. The practice of meditation has been important in all of these encounters and has become one of the most significant ‘grounds for meeting’ within contemporary Buddhist-Christian relationships. This book critically analyses the role in Buddhist-Christian encounter of the variety of practices embraced by the term ‘meditation’. The contributors use the academic tools of historical inquiry, sociology, cultural studies, philosophy and comparative textual study. The result is an interdisciplinary contribution, which takes the religious experience of those involved in Buddhist-Christian encounter seriously, without reifying it above its cultural and socio-political contexts.
With contributions by: Ursula Baatz, Karl Baier, Thomas Cattoi, Elise DeVido, Sybille Fritsch-Oppermann, Elizabeth Harris, Leo Lefebure, John Makransky, Andreas Nehring, Thao Nyugen, Robert Sharf, Sarah Shaw, Elizabete Taivane, Nicholas Alan Worssam
Elizabeth Harris, John O’Grady (eds.): Meditation in Buddhist-Christian Encounter: A Critical Analysis, EOS-Editions, St. Ottilien, 2019.
Buddhist-Christian relations in the East differ in various respects from those in the West. The present volume offers the first comparative overview of the Buddhist-Christian encounter in six Asian countries. It focusses on the three Theravāda Buddhist countries, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Myanmar, and on Japan, Korea and China, where Mahāyāna Buddhism predominates. Outlines of the history of Buddhist-Christian relations in each of these places are complemented by the voices of Christians and Buddhists who actively participate in local dialogue efforts. The contributions to this volume illustrate and highlight specific particularities as well as commonalities regarding the problems and promises of the dialogical encounter in Buddhist Asia. Issues of religious doctrine and belief and the question of how best to relate to one another appear in a new light by being presented in the context of Asia’s historical, social, and political dynamics.
With contributions from Don Baker, Bantoon Boon-Itt, Duleep de Chickera, Kenneth Fleming, Koichiro Fujita, Maria A. De Giorgi, Elizabeth Harris, Jinwol Young Ho Lee, Sung-Hae Kim, Pan-Chiu Lai, Samuel Ngun Ling, John D’Arcy May, Aye Min, U Hla Myint, Yasutomo Nishi, Martin Repp, Perry Schmidt-Leukel, Yuen-tai So, Parichart Suwanbubbha, Asanga Tilakaratne, Xue Yu.
Would the dialogue between Buddhism and Christianity be changed if both religions seriously engaged with the insights of modern historical consciousness? Could there be greater honesty, openness and humility, or a greater commitment to a reciprocal search for truth, if this was done? This book focusses on five themes central to the issue of ‚history‘ in the two traditions: traditional conceptions of salvation and/or liberation history in Christianity and Buddhism; Jesus and the Buddha: fact and fiction; Buddhist and Christian historiography; ‚Dangerous Memory‘ within the histories of Buddhism and Christianity; Permitting historical consciousness in Buddhism and Christianity.
With contributions by Eve-Marie Becker, Mark L. Blum, Rita M. Gross, Elizabeth J. Harris, Jan-Olav Henriksen, Armin Kreiner, Jude Lal Fernando, Robert Mayer, Terrance Merrigan, John O’Grady, Perry Schmidt- Leukel, Catharina Stenqvist, John S. Strong.
Available here as paperback
‘Hope’ is a contested term in both Buddhism and Christianity. For some Buddhists, the very mention of the word ‘hope’ smacks of a Christian rather than a Buddhist agenda – an agenda that is theistic and, by necessity, theological. For these, confidence in the teaching of the Buddha makes hope unnecessary. But is this the only Buddhist view and, if not, how have other views been articulated and lived? For Christians, hope is not an easy term either, in spite of its apparent centrality within the tradition. It is not optimism or the belief that life for the Christian will hold no difficulties. It is not the belief that humans can escape the consequences of their deeds through divine intervention. It involves confidence in God’s promises but what does such confidence mean in a world threatened with climate chaos and corporate greed? The contributors do not hide the differences or the touching points between Buddhism and Christianity. They open up a dialogue that encourages mutual understanding between Buddhists and Christians, and, potentially, cooperation in working compassionately for a better world.
With contributions by: Sathianathan Clarke, Mitsuya Dake, Sybille Fritsch-Oppermann, Richard Gombrich, Werner Jeanrond, Anthony Kelly, Sallie King, Peggy Morgan, Hiroshi; Munehiro Niwano, Justin Ritzinger and Notto Thelle.
available here as paperback
ENBCS Conference Papers. Edited by Perry Schmidt-Leukel. In: Journal of Buddhist Christian Studies 30 (2010) 41-186.
In a world in which the religious ‚other‘ has been both globalized and localized, we are tending towards a situation in which all religious traditions are aware of all others and to this extent are in some kind of communication with one another. Even if the relationship is one of proselytism, rejection, conflict or enmity, it is still a relationship, and this involves a reaction to or interaction with the other. Many adherents of one faith have now practical dealings with people of other religions, thus inevitably facing questions of meaning and belonging. Buddhists are no exception to this, even if Buddhism manifests both, a distinctive selfsufficiency and an ability to tolerate difference. Does the Buddhist tradition provide any resources for going beyond the traditional exclusivistic and inclusivistic options? Can there be something like a Buddhist pluralism, that is, the recognition of another religious path as being different but nevertheless equally liberative, equally salvific? Whether Buddhist pluralism is a genuine option is something that the contemporary inner-Buddhist debate has to figure out. But it is far from evident that Buddhism is a sort of naturally pluralistic religion. As far as its traditional discourse is concerned it seems to have been, by and large, as exclusivistic or inclusivistic in its soteriological claims as any other of the major religious traditions.
With contributions by Alexander Berzin, Joachim Gentz, Andreas Grünschloß, Peter Harvey, Nathan Katz, Kristin Beise Kiblinger, Paul Knitter, John Makransky, John D’Arcy May, Perry Schmidt-Leukel, Kenneth K. Tanaka
Available here as paperback
Conversion and Belonging in Buddhism and Christianity
There is currently much discussion of both religious conversion and multiple religious belonging, but there has been little examination of their relationship. this book presents a variety of approaches to the problem, from autobiographical accounts of intense personal experience in monastic settings and research into historical controversies and empirical data to a comprehensive theory of multiple belonging.
Contributions by Thomas Joseph Götz OSB, Thomas Timpte OSB, Elizabeth J. Harris, Jorgen Skov Sorensen, Perry Schmidt-Leukel, José Ignacio Cabezón, Paul Williams, Kajsa Ahlstrand, Ruben L.F. Habito, Michael von Brück
Proceedings of the European Network of Buddhist-Christian Studies' conference held in Lund, May 2001. = SMT Swedish Missiological Themes 90:1 (2002).
Is the world created by a divine creator? Or is it the constant product of karmic forces? The issue of creation was at the heart of the classic controversies between Buddhism and Hindu Theism. In modern times it can be found at the centre of many polemical debates between Buddhism and Christianity. Is this the principal barrier that separates Buddhism from Christianity and other theistic religions? The contributions to Part One explore the various aspects of traditional and contemporary Buddhist objections against the idea of a divine creator as well as Christian possibilities to meet the Buddhist critique. Part Two asks for the potential truth on both sides and suggests a surprising way that the barrier might be overcome. This opens a new round of philosophical and theological dialogue between these two major traditions with challenging insights for both. Contributors: José I. CabezÃ³n, John P. Keenan, Armin Kreiner, Aasulv Lande, John D'Arcy May, Eva K. Neumaier, Perry Schmidt-Leukel, Ernst Steinkellner.